|Photo 1. General image of Montia chamissoi
Montia chamissoi, commonly known as Chamisso's montia of water minerslettuce, water montia, Indian lettuce, and toad lily, is a provincially red listed flowering plant in BC. Federally it is not listed. It is part of the family. It is a dicot with a perennial lifecycle. They are commonly found in beach, riparian, stream or marsh habitats.
Montia chamissoi is a flowering plant that is 5-20 cm tall. The leaf shape is elliptic (oval, with a short or no point) or oblong (having an elongated form with slightly parallel sides, roughly rectangular). Leaves are arranged opposite or rosette. Leaves are 1-5 cm long and 0.2-1.8 cm wide. The stems form is erect. The flowers have 5 white or pink pedals or sepals. Flowers are terminal and axillary racemes with several flowers (which are sometimes replaced by bulblets) on stalks 8-30 mm long. Fruit are black in colour and approximately 1-3 mm long It has a rhizome root structure.
Their prefered habitat is beach, riparian, stream or marsh. Sun exposure is typically full sun, full sun, full sun or sun or shade. They typically grow in gravel, organic, loamy or sandy soil. Moisture requirements are freshwater seasonal, saturated soil or moist soil. And the pH requirements are slightly acidic or neutral. It can be found from 0 m to 1500 m in elevation. It can be found in British Columbia, Canada. Montia chamissoi is found in the sub-boreal-pine-spruce or coastal-western-hemlock biogeoclimatic zone(s).